There was no historic record of such a strong quake in Mexico. In this particular area, 258 buildings completely crumbled, 143 partially collapsed and 181 were seriously damaged. [24], The collapse of this factory exposed the deplorable conditions to which many of these women were subjected. Photo Mehmet Celebi, USGS. This revelation also caused many to consider why they needed a centralized state that so obviously could not care for its people. The buildings most damaged were from 6 to 15 stories in height. [18], The area most severely hit by the earthquake had the highest concentration of hospitals. Madero. In the video, movement can be seen, especially in the lights above the newscasters. [19] The Metropolitan Commission for Emergencies of the Federal District reported 2,831 buildings damaged for the entire city: 31% or 880 were completely ruined, 13% were reinhabitable with major repairs and the rest, totaling 1581, were recoverable with minor repairs. The 1985 Mexico City earthquake was an earthquake that happened in Mexico City on September 19, 1985. [42], One preparation that was made for any future events was the alert system, Sistema de Alerta Sísmica (SAS), which sends early-warning messages electronically from sensors along the coastal subduction zone in Guerrero. Structures built between 1976 and 1985 suffered the least damage. [12] The 19 September quake was a multiple event with two epicenters and the second movement occurring 26 seconds after the first. [42], The severe damage in so many buildings, including in many public works construction projects to house the rapidly growing population of Mexico City, was blamed on lax enforcement of building codes. A statue in Mexico City to Plácido Domingo as a recognition to his contributions to 1985 Mexico City earthquake victims and his artistic works. 9,600 injured people received treatment, including 1,879 who needed hospitalization. Photo Mehmet Celebi, USGS, A lake bed in a basin, however, is one of the worst grounds for constructing a building. 7th Sep, 2015. On Line 2, there was no service between stations Bellas Artes and Taxqueña. The epicenter was located 50 km (approximately 31 miles) off the coast of Mexico (18.2 N, 102.5 W).  |  “Earthquake of 1985,” by Marvin Alisky. This structure failed, causing the near total collapse of long distance communications between Mexico City and the rest of the world. [19] as 6,500 metres (4.0 mi) of primary and secondary water and drainage pipes suffered breaks in 163 places, cutting off water and contaminating it. Every 19 September, in all public buildings at Mexico City and all the nation the civil protection authorities conduct evacuation drills to evaluate the evacuation response in the case of an earthquake. Rockslides were reported along highways near Ixtapa, Guerrero, with sand volcanos and ground cracks in Lazaro Cardenas. [5][14] The earthquake was felt over 825,000 square kilometers, as far away as Los Angeles and Houston in the United States. Centuries-old structures have been reinforced across the city and new construction must comply with very strict codes. [5] The Museo Mural Diego Rivera on the north side of the park houses a mural by Diego Rivera which was originally housed in the huge Hotel Del Prado across the street. Those that are six to fifteen stories tall also vibrate at the 2.5-second cycle, making them act like tuning forks in the event of an earthquake. Three years ago on September 19th, 2015, I wrote the article below to commemorate the 30th year anniversary of the 1985 Mexico City 8.1 magnitude earthquake. [5] President Miguel de la Madrid ordered a news blackout[12] and did not address the situation at all for 39 hours after the event. Camacho Solís continued to work to integrate and smooth relations between his agency and the community groups. 266 were hospital workers and 44 were medical residents. Most of the beds that it lost were dedicated to tertiary, high-technology care. People at the scene stated that there was simply no time to run and escape the building's fall. The main tremor was foreshadowed by a quake of magnitude 5.2 on 28 May 1985, and was followed by two significant aftershocks: one on 20 September 1985 of magnitude 7.5 lasting thirteen seconds and the third occurring seven months later on 30 April 1986 with magnitude 7.0 lasting ten seconds. The sequence of events included a foreshock of magnitude 5.2 that occurred the prior May, the main shock on 19 September, and two large aftershocks. Mexico City Earthquake 19 September 1985 The epicentre of the earthquake was at the border between the states of Michoacán and Guerrero more than 300 kilometres away, yet Mexico City suffered the most damage. [5] This committee organizes drills in cooperation with rescue workers, police, hospital staff and even metro personnel. [34] At the time, the Metro had 101 stations, with 32 closed to the public in the weeks after the event. The 1985 Mexico City Earthquake On the morning of September 19, 1985, an 8.1-magnitude earthquake hit the western states of Mexico and including Mexico City. When this disappeared, the PRI's power base began to shrink. Interruption of classes, either to the lack of facilities and/or the need to help with rescue efforts, affected over 1.5 million students. The complete seismic event consisted of four quakes. A few notable examples are: the Torre Latinoamericana, one of the first buildings in Mexico City to do so, the Torre Ejecutiva Pemex, built before the 1985 earthquake, and the Torre Mayor, built in 2003. The epicenter is the point on the earth's surface directly above the point of focus of the earthquake. 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